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Benefits and Risks of Investing Pre-IPO

Benefits and Risks of Investing Pre-IPO

In today’s ever-evolving investment landscape, investors are constantly seeking opportunities to help meet their investment goals. One such avenue that has gained traction in recent years is investing in pre-IPO (Initial Public Offering) companies. Pre-IPO investments can offer early access to promising startups. However, it can be important for investors to tread carefully in this arena, as it comes with its own set of risks and uncertainties. In this blog post, we will delve into the benefits and risks of investing pre-IPO, along with strategies to help navigate this space.

Benefits of Investing Pre-IPO

Potential for Returns

One aspect of investing pre-IPO is the potential to receive returns on investment. As companies go public, their valuations may increase, translating into potential gains for early investors. This possibility of meeting investment goals could be a reason for investors to consider pre-IPO investments. As Ben Meng, Fund Manager at Franklin Templeton, said, “As companies stay private longer, more investors are looking to get in at the pre-IPO stage, as that’s when most of the wealth creation happens.”[1]

Early Access to Innovative Companies

Pre-IPO investments can provide investors with an opportunity to get in on the ground floor of promising startups. These companies often have innovative business models, disruptive technologies, or growth potential. By investing early, you can potentially participate in the company’s growth.


Diversification is one of the fundamental principles in investing. Pre-IPO investments could offer a way to diversify your portfolio beyond traditional assets like stocks and bonds. This diversification may help mitigate some risks in your investment portfolio.

Risks of Investing Pre-IPO

Illiquid Investments

One of the drawbacks of pre-IPO investments is their illiquid nature. Unlike publicly traded stocks, which can be bought and sold readily, pre-IPO shares are often subject to lock-up periods, restricting your ability to sell them. This lack of liquidity can tie up your capital for an extended period, potentially limiting your financial flexibility. While investors can sell their shares on the secondary market, it can take time for the shares to sell, if a potential buyer is found at all.

High Risk

Startups are inherently risky, and not all of them succeed. It’s crucial to acknowledge that a significant portion of pre-IPO companies may fail or underperform, resulting in losses for investors, potentially even the full amount invested.

There are no guarantees in the world of investing, and pre-IPO investments are no exception. The potential to meet investment goals should not be mistaken for a guarantee of rewards. There are numerous variables at play, and outcomes can be highly uncertain.

Limited Information

Unlike publicly traded companies that must disclose extensive financial and operational information, pre-IPO companies often provide limited information to potential investors. This lack of transparency can make it challenging to conduct thorough due diligence before investing.

Uncertain Valuations

Valuing pre-IPO companies can be a complex and subjective process. As a result, investors may face uncertainty regarding the true worth of their investments. An overvaluation can lead to disappointment, while an undervaluation may not fully capture the potential returns.

Source: https://www.wallstreetmojo.com/pre-ipo/

Strategies for Pre-IPO Investing

Research, Research, Research

The importance of research cannot be overstated in pre-IPO investing. Take the time to thoroughly research the companies you’re interested in, their industry, competition, and market dynamics. Understand their business models and growth strategies to help make informed decisions. Series entrepreneur and investor Ed Roman said, “If you are a new investor, you’re going to want to see many deals before pulling the trigger on any of them. Try to learn as much as you can about the market before investing.”[2]


Pre-IPO investments often require a significant amount of patience. You may need to wait for years before an exit opportunity arises. Be prepared for the long haul and avoid making impulsive decisions based on short-term market fluctuations.

Have Some Stomach for Risk and Failure

As previously mentioned, pre-IPO investing carries inherent risks. It’s essential to have the risk tolerance to weather potential losses and setbacks. Be mentally prepared for the possibility of some investments not panning out as expected.


Diversification is a common strategy to help mitigate risk in your investment portfolio. Rather than putting all your capital into a single pre-IPO company, you could spread your investments across multiple opportunities. This may help balance potential losses with gains from other investments.

Seek Expert Guidance

Consider seeking advice from financial professionals or advisors experienced in pre-IPO investing. They may provide valuable insights, help you navigate the complexities of this investment space, and assist in making well-informed decisions.

Final Thoughts

Investing in pre-IPO companies can be an exciting and potentially rewarding venture for investors seeking growth and early access to promising startups. However, it is essential to approach this investment avenue with caution, as it comes with its share of risks and uncertainties. By conducting thorough research, exercising patience, diversifying your investments, and seeking expert guidance, you can navigate the world of pre-IPO investing with greater confidence. Remember that pre-IPO investments can be a part of a well-rounded investment strategy tailored to your financial goals and risk tolerance.

Are you looking to invest pre-IPO? Sign up for a MicroVentures account to start investing!



[1] https://www.institutionalinvestor.com/article/2bstm0rrcqbkfd3z7m3uo/portfolio/why-investors-should-say-no-to-tech-ipos#:~:text=%E2%80%9CAs%20companies%20stay%20private%20longer,speaking%20to%20the%20report%27s%20author.

[2] https://www.leapfunder.com/blog/article/top-investor-quotes#:~:text=%E2%80%9CIf%20you%20are%20a%20new%20investor%2C%20you%E2%80%99re%20going%20to%20want%20to%20see%20many%20deals%20before%20pulling%20the%20trigger%20on%20any%20of%20them.%20%C2%A0Try%20to%20learn%20as%20much%20as%20you%20can%20about%20the%20market%20before%20investing.%E2%80%9D%20Ed%20Roman


The information presented here is for general informational purposes only and is not intended to be, nor should it be construed or used as, comprehensive offering documentation for any security, investment, tax or legal advice, a recommendation, or an offer to sell, or a solicitation of an offer to buy, an interest, directly or indirectly, in any company. Investing in both early-stage and later-stage companies carries a high degree of risk. A loss of an investor’s entire investment is possible, and no profit may be realized. Investors should be aware that these types of investments are illiquid and should anticipate holding until an exit occurs.